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keywords: Mesoporous carbon; PtRu alloy; Direct methanol fuel cell; Phosphorus; EXAFS; Size effect
PtRuP Nanoparticles Supported on Mesoporous Carbon Thin Film as Highly Active Anode Materials for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell

2011/2/2

PtRu nanocatalyst supported on mesoporous carbon thin film (TFC) with incorporation of the non-metallic phosphorus is explored as an anodic catalytic material for direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC). The catalyst 20 wt.% PtRuP0.1/TFC gives a very high current density in the electrochemical oxidation of methanol, which is much enhanced than that of the PtRu/TFC without P loading and two times higher compared to a commercial PtRu/XC-72 catalyst. XPS and EXAFS analysis of the catalysts show that phosphorus helps to reduce the size of PtRu nanoalloy by acting as a surface protecting agent to the nanoparticles and it does not alter the electronic structure of PtRu. The PtRuP nanocatalyst with a particle size of 3 nm was found to have the best reactivity and catalytic stability.The research was conducted at the NSRRC beamline 01C1. 

M.-L. Lin, M.-Y. Lo, and C.-Y. Mou


Catal. Today 160 , 109 (2011)